Graphium doson has black forewings with broad, bluish-green macular bands that extend from the sub-apical area of the forewings to the basal areas of the hind wings. There are also a series of bluish green streaks on the forewing cells and a series of bluish green submarginal spots on the front and hind wings. The underside of the wings also has the same spot pattern, but larger and silvery green, the base color of the wings is dark brown. There are additional red and black spots on the hind wings.
Larva: Graphium doson larvae are pale yellowish when they hatch and turn dark brown a few hours later to pale green at the last instar. This caterpillar has a pair of brown lateral spines each in the three thoracic segments, the other pair of white spines in the anal segment. Its body is covered in short dorsal-lateral turboise rows with long setae.
Pupa: Pupae of Graphium doson is yellowish green in color with mesothoracic horns which are slender and pointed, in addition there are two short and conspicuous cephalic horns.